This article examines the effects of the changes associated with the neoliberal economic model on the development of the shrimp aquaculture industry in Mexico. It uses a political ecology approach to analyze the relationship between state policies, recent expansion of the industry, and the environment in Sinaloa, Mexico. The analysis reveals the ways in which shrimp aquaculture is currently having a negative impact upon coastal ecosystems and rural people. It also shows how a local resistance to the industry’s expansion is emerging, and the role played by ﬁshing cooperatives in this process. The article proposes that in order to achieve the sustainable development of the shrimp industry, special attention should be given to environmental and social factors as well.
Keywords: Mexico, shrimp farming, environmental degradation, sustainable development, coastal ecosystems, political ecology
How to Cite:
Cruz-Torres, M. L., (2000) ““Pink Gold Rush:” Shrimp Aquaculture, Sustainable Development, and the Environment in Northwestern Mexico”, Journal of Political Ecology 7(1), 63-90. doi: https://doi.org/10.2458/v7i1.21547