Articles

Afro-Iraqi Rituals: Stigma, Discrimination, and Resilience

Authors: Amir Al-Azraki (Renison University College, University of Waterloo) , Thawrah Yousif Yaqoob (Lotus Cultural Women’s League)

  • Afro-Iraqi Rituals: Stigma, Discrimination, and Resilience

    Articles

    Afro-Iraqi Rituals: Stigma, Discrimination, and Resilience

    Authors: ,

Abstract

Afro-Iraqis represent 5% of the Iraqi population (approximately two million people), and Iraq has been their home since the ninth century, as part of forced immigration due to the slave trade. Throughout their history, Afro-Iraqis have been subjected to oppression, racism, and discrimination. Their rituals–assembled from a broad mix of African diasporic lineages–have been disparaged as barbaric and irreligious. In addition to providing a brief history of Afro-Iraqis and anti-Black racism in Arab culture, this paper describes and examines the significance of Afro-Iraqi rituals and Afro-Iraqis’ resilience in facing stigmatization and discrimination in Iraq.

Keywords: stigma, racism, resilience, Zanj, Afro-Iraqis, rituals, slavery, anti-Black racism, orature, Zaar/Zar

How to Cite:

Al-Azraki, A. & Yaqoob, T. Y., (2023) “Afro-Iraqi Rituals: Stigma, Discrimination, and Resilience”, the Black Theatre Review 1(2). doi: https://doi.org/10.2458/tbtr.5149

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Published on
26 Jan 2023
Peer Reviewed