Authors: P.S. Russell , S. Nachkebia , V.E, Maldonado-Zimbron , S. Chuklin , G. Gimel'farb , J. Hong , N.D. Martin , M. Itkin , A.R.J. Phillips , J.A. Windsor
Thoracic duct drainage (TDD) is gaining renewed interest, largely due to accumulation of evidence supporting the gut-lymph model, where toxic mesenteric lymph from the intestine contributes to development of multi-organ failure in acute and critical illness (ACI). Advances in minimally invasive TDD have added to this growing interest. The English TDD literature has been previously reviewed, but the more extensive Eastern European literature has not been available to English readers. Therefore, we undertook a systematic search of Eastern European human TDD studies using Scopus and PubMed databases and Russian language websites. Indications for TDD, clinical outcomes, and complications were re- viewed. 113 studies, published between 1965 and 2015, were reviewed. The most common indications for TDD were hepatic failure, acute pancreatitis, and peritonitis. It was often used late and when other treatment options had been exhausted. Human TDD appeared safe and probably effective, especially when combined with lymphosorption. The benefit appeared to correlate with the volume of lymph drained. A randomized controlled trial (and some case-control studies) showed reduced mortality in patients with ACI with TDD. Other benefits included rapid normalization of blood parameters and decreased organ edema. This review provides further support for the gut-lymph model and justification for high quality randomized controlled trials of TDD in ACI. It also highlights other potential indications for TDD, such as bridging patients with liver failure to surgery or transplant.
Keywords: thoracic duct drainage, critical illness, lymph, gut-lymph model, Eastern Europe
How to Cite: Russell, P. , Nachkebia, S. , Maldonado-Zimbron, V. , Chuklin, S. , Gimel'farb, G. , Hong, J. , Martin, N. , Itkin, M. , Phillips, A. & Windsor, J. (2022) “THERAPEUTIC THORACIC DUCT DRAINAGE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF THE EASTERN EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE AND FUTURE POTENTIAL”, Lymphology. 55(3). doi: https://doi.org/10.2458/lymph.5402None