Articles

HEALTH STATUS, CORONAPHOBIA, QUALITY OF LIFE, ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION IN PATIENTS WITH LYMPHEDEMA DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC

Authors
  • F.A. Begoǧlu (University of Health Sciences)
  • P. Akpinar (University of Health Sciences)
  • F.Ü. Özkan* (University of Health Sciences)
  • G. Öztürk (University of Health Sciences)
  • İ Aktaş (University of Health Sciences)

Abstract

Covid-19 has physical damage as well as serious impact on the mental health in the community. Symptoms such as anxiety, depression, fear, stress, and sleep problems were more commonly reported during Covid-19 pandemic. The aim of this study was to assess the health status, psychological conditions, quality of life, and possible risk factors of patients with lymphedema during the pandemic. The study included male and female patients aged ≥18 years with primary or secondary upper or lower extremity lymphedema (stage 1, 2, or 3) who were followed in our outpatient clinic. The patients were interviewed by phone. Health and social status were examined using a questionnaire, Covid-19 phobia was assessed using Covid-19 Phobia Scale (C19P-S), and quality of life was assessed using Lymphedema Quality of Life Questionnaire Arm or Leg (LYMQOL). Anxiety and depression were evaluated using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The HADS scores showed that 35% of the patients had severe risk for depression and 10% had severe risk for anxiety. Factors with negative effect on HADS were lower education level, sedentary lifestyle, failure to perform lymphedema exercises, weight gain, and lymphedema duration. The C19P-S scores were higher indicating greater phobia in the overall score and subscores in patients with primary lymphedema and secondary lymphedema without malignancy, younger patients, those who are not able to walk regularly, and those who are not able to perform self manual lymphatic drainage (self-MLD). Factors with negative effects on LYMQOL were stage 3 lymphedema, female gender, younger age, and longer disease duration. Patients who performed regular self-MLD and lymphedema exercises demonstrated positive effects on LYMQOL. The results of this study suggest that patients with lymphedema affected by the COVID-19 pandemic are mostly younger patients, individuals with primary lymphedema, individuals with non-malignant etiology, individuals who unable to perform regular walking, and those unable to perform self-MLD.

Keywords: anxiety, Covid-19, depression, phobia, lymphedema

How to Cite:

Begoǧlu, F. & Akpinar, P. & Özkan*, F. & Öztürk, G. & Aktaş, İ., (2022) “HEALTH STATUS, CORONAPHOBIA, QUALITY OF LIFE, ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION IN PATIENTS WITH LYMPHEDEMA DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC”, Lymphology 55(1), 21-32. doi: https://doi.org/10.2458/lymph.5141

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Published on
28 Jun 2022
Peer Reviewed