Authors: T. Yamamoto (National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan) , N. Yamamoto (National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan)
Surgical intervention and subsequent wound healing process are known to induce neo-lymphangiogenesis, but few studies have been reported to utilize this mechanism for lymphedema treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate feasibility of subdermal dissection for neo-lymphangiogenesis induction (SDN) to treat lower extremity lymphedema (LEL). Medical records of secondary LEL patients who had undergone ICG lymphography and SDN procedure were reviewed. SDN was performed by dissecting fat tissues just below the dermis from the most proximal area showing dermal backflow through abdominal-toaxillary lymphatic pathways. Perioperative lymphedematous conditions were evaluated with lymphedema quality of life score (LeQOLiS) and LEL index. Seventeen female patients were included. SDN could be performed in 10 minutes on average without postoperative complication. Postoperative ICG lymphography showed new lymphatic pathways in 6 (35.3%) cases. Postoperative LeQOLiS ranged from 9 to 66, which was statistically lower than preoperative LeQOLiS (32.9 ± 19.2 vs. 36.6 ± 19.3, p = 0.048), whereas there was no statistically significant difference between pre- and post-operative LEL index (275.2 ± 23.3 vs. 270.5 ± 20.8, P = 0.073). Subdermal dissection, although its probability is not high, has a potential to induce neo-lymphangiogenesis. Further studies are required to improve and demonstrate efficacy of the procedure for new lymphatic pathway creation.
Keywords: lymphedema, manual lymph drainage, indocyanine green, lymphography, lymph flow, lymphangiogenesis, subdermal dissection
How to Cite: Yamamoto, T. & Yamamoto, N. (2022) “POSSIBILITY OF NEW LYMPHATIC PATHWAY CREATION THROUGH NEO-LYMPHANGIOGENESIS INDUCED BY SUBDERMAL DISSECTION”, Lymphology. 54(3). doi: https://doi.org/10.2458/lymph.4789