Articles

LYMPHEDEMA DURATION AS A PREDICTIVE FACTOR OF EFFICACY OF COMPLETE DECONGESTIVE THERAPY

Authors
  • E. Michopoulos (University of West Attica)
  • G. Papathanasiou (University of West Attica)
  • K. Krousaniotaki (National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)
  • I. Vathiotis (National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)
  • T. Troupis (National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)
  • E. Dimakakos (National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)

Abstract

Lymphedema is a common condition with global impact and a multitude of complications, however, only a few professionals specialize in its management. A retrospective analysis of 105 subjects with unilateral lymphedema upper or lower limb was performed to investigate whether the duration of lymphedema constitutes an important factor associated with the efficacy of complete decongestive therapy (CDT). Subjects were classified into two groups according to the duration of lymphedema, prior to CDT: group A (≤1 year) and group B (>1 year). Both groups were treated daily according to the same CDT protocol for four weeks. The CDT efficacy was determined based on the percent reduction of excess volume (PREV) measurements. Lymphedema was significantly reduced in both groups of subjects, but significantly more in group A (p<0.001). In subjects with upper limb lymphedema, median value of PREV was 80.8% (interquartile range, 79.1-105.0%) in group A and 62.0% (interquartile range, 56.7-66.5%) in group B (p<0.001). In subjects with lower limb lymphedema PREV was 80.7% (interquartile range, 74.9-85.2%) and 64.5% (interquartile range, 56.0-68.1%) for groups A and B, respectively (p<0.001). Duration of lymphedema was found to be a strong predictive factor that may significantly impact CDT efficacy. Therapeutic effects were increased in subjects who were detected and treated earlier for lymphedema.

Keywords: lymphedema, CDT, physical therapy modalities, predictive factor, rehabilitation

How to Cite:

Michopoulos, E., Papathanasiou, G., Krousaniotaki, K., Vathiotis, I., Troupis, T. & Dimakakos, E., (2022) “LYMPHEDEMA DURATION AS A PREDICTIVE FACTOR OF EFFICACY OF COMPLETE DECONGESTIVE THERAPY”, Lymphology 54(3), 140-153. doi: https://doi.org/10.2458/lymph.4788

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Published on
04 Jan 2022
Peer Reviewed