Articles

MINIMALLY INVASIVE TREATMENT OF ABDOMINAL LYMPHOCELE: A REVIEW OF CONTEMPORARY OPTIONS AND HOW TO APPROACH THEM

Authors
  • F. Khorshidi (Tabriz University of Medical Sciences)
  • B.S. Majdalany (Emory University School of Medicine)
  • G. Peters (Emory University School of Medicine)
  • A.N. Tran (Emory University School of Medicine)
  • J. Shaikh (Emory University School of Medicine)
  • R.P. Liddell (Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions)
  • J.C. Perez Lozada (Yale University School of Medicine)
  • N. Kokabi (Emory University School of Medicine)
  • N. Nezami (Emory University School of Medicine)

Abstract

Lymphoceles are lymphatic fluid collections resulting from lymphatic vessel disruption after surgery or trauma. They are most often described following retroperitoneal surgeries such as cystectomies, prostatectomies, renal transplants, and gynecologic surgeries. Most lymphoceles are asymptomatic and resolve spontaneously without treatment. If persistent, they can become infected or exert mass effect on adjacent structures causing pain, urinary, or lower limb edema particularly for lymphoceles in the pelvis Symptomatic lymphoceles should be treated to relieve symptoms and prevent functional compromise of vital adjacent structures. Although surgery has been traditionally accepted as the gold standard treatment, advances in imaging and interventional technology allow for less invasive, percutaneous treatment. Available minimally invasive treatment options include percutaneous aspiration, catheter drainage, sclerotherapy, and lymphangiography with lymphatic embolization. A review of these treatment options and a suggested algorithm for managing lymphoceles is presented.

Keywords: lymphocele, post-operative complication, lymphangiography, lymphatic embolization, treatment algorithm, sclerotherapy

How to Cite:

Khorshidi, F. & Majdalany, B. & Peters, G. & Tran, A. & Shaikh, J. & Liddell, R. & Perez Lozada, J. & Kokabi, N. & Nezami, N., (2021) “MINIMALLY INVASIVE TREATMENT OF ABDOMINAL LYMPHOCELE: A REVIEW OF CONTEMPORARY OPTIONS AND HOW TO APPROACH THEM”, Lymphology 54(2), p.55-67. doi: https://doi.org/10.2458/lymph.4727

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Published on
18 Nov 2021
Peer Reviewed