Articles

IMAGING OF LYMPHATIC DYSPLASIA IN NOONAN SYNDROME: CASE STUDIES AND HISTORICAL ATLAS

Authors
  • T. Cox
  • C. Vance
  • S. Daley
  • C. Papendieck
  • H. McGregor
  • P.H. Kuo
  • M.H. Witte

Abstract

To determine the historical use and utility of various lymphatic imaging modalities in Noonan syndrome (NS) patients, we performed a comprehensive literature review by collecting the published medical imaging of NS lymphatic dysplasias. We correlated imaging findings with clinical phenotypes and treatment. Our analysis of lymphatic imaging modalities provides an algorithmic approach to imaging and patient care across the spectrum of NS developmental defects. A total of 54 NS cases have been published since 1975. Using the observations reported in 15 reviewed publications, an association was made between disruptions in central lymphatic flow and poor clinical presentations/outcomes in NS patients.

Keywords: Noonan syndrome, lymphatic vessel dysplasia, lymphatic imaging, lymphangiography, thoracic duct, imaging, algorithm, atlas

How to Cite:

Cox, T. & Vance, C. & Daley, S. & Papendieck, C. & McGregor, H. & Kuo, P. & Witte, M., (2021) “IMAGING OF LYMPHATIC DYSPLASIA IN NOONAN SYNDROME: CASE STUDIES AND HISTORICAL ATLAS”, Lymphology 54(1), 23-40. doi: https://doi.org/10.2458/lymph.4679

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Published on
07 Sep 2021
Peer Reviewed