Articles

EFFECT OF ACUTE CARDIAC LYMPH STASIS ON METABOLIC CORONARY ADAPTATION IN THE DOG

Authors
  • F Solti
  • V Nemeth
  • A Juhasz-Nagy

Abstract

Surgical blockade of cardiac lymph drainage was performed in dogs to examine the effect of acute cardiac lymph stasis on coronary adaptive mechanisms. Coronary blood flow (CBF) was measured using an electromagnetic flow probe on the left anterior descending (LAD) artery. Metabolic autoregulatory capacity was assessed by eliciting reactive hyperemic responses after flow interruptions of 10-60 second duration and by administering submaximal doses (250-500 microgram) of adenosine, the putative transmitter of reactive hyperemia, into the left heart. The effect of lymph stasis was tested in two experimental groups, one hour and 48 hours after lymph obstruction and the data compared to control dogs.

Although cardiac lymph stasis did not notably affect baseline arterial pressure and CBF, both reactive hyperemic response and adenosine-induced coronary vasodilation were reduced significantly (equal to or less than 50% control). On occasion, a complete absence of autoregulation was observed. These findings suggest that cardiac lymph stasis decreases vascular responsiveness to physiologic vasodilator stimuli and/or retards diffusion of biologically unstable substance(s) presumably involved in autoregulation. Persistently impaired coronary autoregulation in the lymphedematous heart may contribute to progressive ischemic damage as for example after myocardial infarction.

How to Cite:

Solti, F., Nemeth, V. & Juhasz-Nagy, A., (1985) “EFFECT OF ACUTE CARDIAC LYMPH STASIS ON METABOLIC CORONARY ADAPTATION IN THE DOG”, Lymphology 18(3), 136-142.

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Published on
13 Jul 1985
Peer Reviewed