Articles

GENETIC SCREENING IN A LARGE COHORT OF ITALIAN PATIENTS AFFECTED BY PRIMARY LYMPHEDEMA USING A NEXT GENERATION SEQUENCING (NGS) APPROACH

Authors
  • S Michelini
  • A Vettori
  • PE Maltese
  • M Cardone
  • A Bruson
  • A Fiorentino
  • F Cappellino
  • V Sainato
  • G Guerri
  • G Marceddu
  • S Tezzele
  • M Bertelli

Abstract

Primary lymphedema is a rare inherited condition characterized by swelling of body tissues caused by accumulation of fluid, especially in the lower limbs. In many patients, primary lymphedema has been associated with variations in a number of genes involved in the development and maintenance of the lymphatic system. In this study, we performed a genetic screening in patients affected by primary lymphedema using a next generation sequencing (NGS) approach. With this technology, based on a custom-made oligonucleotide probe library, we were able to analyze simultaneously in each patient all the coding exons of 10 genes (FLT4, FOXC2, CCBE1, GJC2, MET, HGF, GATA2, SOX18, VEGFC, KIF11) associated with primary lymphedema. In the study population, composed of 45 familial and 71 sporadic cases, we identified the presence of rare variants with a potential pathogenic effect in 33% of subjects. Overall, we found a total of 36 different rare nucleotidic alterations, 30 of which had not been previously described. Among these, we identified 23 mutations that we considered most likely to be disease causing. Patients with an FLT4 or FOXC2 alteration accounted for the largest percentage of the sample, followed by MET, HGF, KIK11, GJC2 and GATA2. No alterations were identified in SOX18, VEGFC, and CCBE1 genes. In conclusion, we showed that NGS technology can be successfully applied to perform molecular screening of lymphedema-associated genes in large cohort of patients with a reasonable effort in terms of cost, work, and time.

Keywords: primary lymphedema, lymphedema genes, genetic screening, next generation sequencing, genetic variations, lymphoscintigraphy, genotype-phenotype correlations

How to Cite:

Michelini, S. & Vettori, A. & Maltese, P. & Cardone, M. & Bruson, A. & Fiorentino, A. & Cappellino, F. & Sainato, V. & Guerri, G. & Marceddu, G. & Tezzele, S. & Bertelli, M., (2016) “GENETIC SCREENING IN A LARGE COHORT OF ITALIAN PATIENTS AFFECTED BY PRIMARY LYMPHEDEMA USING A NEXT GENERATION SEQUENCING (NGS) APPROACH”, Lymphology 49(2), p.57-72.

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Published on
01 Feb 2016
Peer Reviewed