Authors: J.H. Do ( ) , W. Kim ( ) , Y.K. Cho ( ) , J. Lee ( ) , E.J. Song ( ) , Y.M. Chun ( ) , J.Y. Jeon ( )
The incorporation of resistance exercises into the lifestyle of patients with lymphedema is understudied and an emerging interest.We investigated the effectiveness and results of adding a moderate intensity resistance exercise program for 8 weeks in conjunction with intensive CDT for 1 or 2 weeks (depending on severity) on arm volume, arm function, QOL, and muscular strength in patients with breast cancer-related lymphedema. This prospective, pilot trial included forty-four patients with a history of breast cancer who were beginning complex decongestive therapy for lymphedema. They were assigned to either the intervention (n=22) or control (n=22) groups. The intervention comprised of resistance band exercises 5 times a week for 8 weeks. These were initially supervised during the intensive lymphedema treatment, but performed independently during the study period. Limb volume, muscular strength, and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QOL Questionnaire C30 (EORTC QLQ-C30), EORTC-Breast Cancer-Specific QOL Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-BR23), and Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaires were assessed at baseline and at 8 weeks. After 8 weeks, the intervention group demonstrated statistically significant differences (p<0.05) in the DASH score and muscular strength compared to the control group. Our results indicate that upper body resistance exercise demonstrates a positive effect on arm function and muscular strength without increasing arm volume in breast cancer related lymphedema during and shortly post intensive CDT lymphedema treatment.
Keywords: breast cancer, resistance band, TheraBand™, exercise, lymphedema severity, quality of life, complex decongestive therapy, CDT, randomized trial
How to Cite: Do, J. , Kim, W. , Cho, Y. , Lee, J. , Song, E. , Chun, Y. & Jeon, J. (2015) “EFFECTS OF RESISTANCE EXERCISES AND COMPLEX DECONGESTIVE THERAPY ON ARM FUNCTION AND MUSCULAR STRENGTH IN BREAST CANCER RELATED LYMPHEDEMA”, Lymphology. 48(4).