Articles

PHYSIOTHERAPY IN UPPER LIMB LYMPHEDEMA AFTER BREAST CANCER TREATMENT: A RANDOMIZED STUDY

Authors
  • A Bergmann
  • MG da Costa Leite Ferreira
  • SS de Aguiar
  • R de Almeida Dias
  • K de Souza Abrahao
  • EM Paltrinieri
  • RG Martinez Allende
  • MF Carvalho de Andrade

Abstract

Our aim was to compare the responses of physical treatment with or without manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) in lymphedema after breast cancer treatment in a Brazilian population. This was a controlled clinical trial with lymphedema secondary to breast cancer treatment patients that were randomized into either: Group 1 consisting of MLD, skin care,bandaging and remedial exercises; or Group 2 using skin care, bandaging and remedial exercises. Sixty-six patients were randomized and 9 were excluded during the first phase, resulting in a total of 57 patients eligible for analyzes with 28 in Group 1 and 29 in Group 2. The first phase of treatment had an average duration of 24 days (±12.38) and final volume excess average (VE) between limbs was 494.51ml, corresponding to 29.18% of the initial volume. Volume reduction was highly significant, independent of the intervention (p<0.001), and both treatments led to an average of percentage volume excess reduction (PVER) of 15.02%. Patients with incomplete range of motion and lymphatic-related fibrotic tissues showed a statistically significant reduction in the percentage of volume excess (p=0.010; p=0.009). The presence of arm paresthesia was associated with the lowest therapeutic response (p=0.024). Both treatment groups demonstrated absolute and relative reductions of excess limb volume, and the addition of MLD did not significantly increase the therapeutic response in women with lymphedema after breast cancer.

Keywords: lymphedema, breast cancer, randomized trial, treatment, Manual Lymphatic Drainage

How to Cite:

Bergmann, A. & da Costa Leite Ferreira, M. & de Aguiar, S. & de Almeida Dias, R. & de Souza Abrahao, K. & Paltrinieri, E. & Martinez Allende, R. & Carvalho de Andrade, M., (2014) “PHYSIOTHERAPY IN UPPER LIMB LYMPHEDEMA AFTER BREAST CANCER TREATMENT: A RANDOMIZED STUDY”, Lymphology 47(2), p.82-91.

126 Views

65 Downloads

Published on
14 Jan 2014
Peer Reviewed