CHANGES IN TISSUE WATER AND INDENTATION RESISTANCE OF LYMPHEDEMATOUS LIMBS ACCOMPANYING LOW LEVEL LASER THERAPY (LLLT) OF FIBROTIC SKIN
- HN Mayrovitz
- S Davey
Our goal was to determine effects of low level-laser-therapy (LLLT) on skin water and tissue indentation resistance (TIR) in patients with arm (N=38) or leg (N=38) lymphedema. Skin water was determined from tissue dielectric constant (TDC) measurements and TIR determined from measurements of force resulting from tissue indentations of 3-4 mm. A limb-location with fibrosis was identified by palpation and treated with an LLLT device for one minute at each of five points within a 3 cm2 area. TDC and TIR at these sites and corresponding sites on the contralateral limb were measured prior to LLLT (pre-LLLT), immediately after LLLT (post-LLLT) and after a manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) session (post-MLD). Results, from arms and legs,showed that post-LLLT values of TIR and TDC were significantly less than pre-LLLT. TIR values remained significantly reduced at post-MLD whereas TDC values were not significantly different from pre-LLLT values. On follow-up visit, 17 previously LLLT treated legs were sham treated with an inactive LLLT unit and measurements replicated. A TIR and TDC change-pattern similar to that obtained with the active LLLT was obtained,but sham-related reductions in TIR and TDC immediately post sham-treatment were significantly less than achieved with the prior active LLLT treatment.
Keywords: LLLT treatment, lymphedema, fibrosis, tissue dielectric constant, tissue water, tissue hardness, tonometry
How to Cite:
Mayrovitz, H. & Davey, S., (2011) “CHANGES IN TISSUE WATER AND INDENTATION RESISTANCE OF LYMPHEDEMATOUS LIMBS ACCOMPANYING LOW LEVEL LASER THERAPY (LLLT) OF FIBROTIC SKIN”, Lymphology 44(4), 168-177.