Articles

DEMONSTRATION OF TISSUE ALTERATIONS BY ULTRASONOGRAPHY, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING AND SPECTROSCOPY, AND HISTOLOGY IN BREAST CANCER PATIENTS WITHOUT LYMPHEDEMA AFTER AXILLARY NODE DISSECTION

Authors
  • A Tassenoy
  • K Vermeiren
  • P van der Veen
  • T Stadnik
  • F De Ridder
  • E Peeters
  • P Van Schuerbeek
  • J Lamote
  • P Lievens

Abstract

Estimates of the incidence of arm swelling after axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer range from 10 to 37%. Yet the subjective sensation of edema is described in at least 54% of patients. The purpose of this research was to examine the structural changes occurring in the subcutaneous tissue that might explain these subjective complaints using multiple imaging modalities. Two female cadavers with unilateral breast amputation and axillary dissection were studied. The dermal and subcutaneous layers of both arms were visualized with high frequency ultrasonography,and magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy (MRS), and tissue biopsies were taken for histological evaluation.

On the operated side, ultrasound imaging showed a hyperechogenic subcutis and the fat-to-water relationship in adipose cells was higher as measured by MRS. Dissection of the arms revealed structural adipose tissue changes, which were confirmed by microscopic evaluation.

Keywords: breast cancer, lymphedema, ultrasound imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, soft tissue histology, adipogenesis

How to Cite:

Tassenoy, A., Vermeiren, K., van der Veen, P., Stadnik, T., De Ridder, F., Peeters, E., Van Schuerbeek, P., Lamote, J. & Lievens, P., (2006) “DEMONSTRATION OF TISSUE ALTERATIONS BY ULTRASONOGRAPHY, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING AND SPECTROSCOPY, AND HISTOLOGY IN BREAST CANCER PATIENTS WITHOUT LYMPHEDEMA AFTER AXILLARY NODE DISSECTION”, Lymphology 39(3), 118-126.

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Published on
21 Aug 2006
Peer Reviewed