Articles

RENAL LYMPHATIC FUNCTION FOLLOWING VENOUS PRESSURE ELEVATION

Authors
  • DA Rohn
  • RH Stewart
  • JR Elk
  • GA Laine
  • RE Drake

Abstract

The renal lymphatic system plays an important role in removing excess fluid from the kidneys. Unfortunately, the factors influencing lymphatic flow are difficult to measure. We used a simple model to represent renal lymphatics as a single pressure source (PL) pushing lymph through a single resistance (RL). In anesthetized dogs, we cannulated renal lymphatics and measured lymph flow rate (QL) as we varied pressure (PO) at the outflow end of the lymphatics. There was no significant change in QL as we increased PO from -5 to 0 cm H2O. In other words,there was a plateau in the QL vs. PO relationship. At higher PO's, QL decreased linearly with increases in PO. From this linear relationship, we calculated RL as -ΔPO/ΔQL and we took PL as the PO at which QL = 0 µl/min. At baseline, RL = 0.34 ± 0.14 (SD) cm H2O•min/µl and PL = 8.2 ±4.4 cm H2O. When we increased renal venous pressure (PV) from baseline (3.5 ± 3.0 cm H2O),the plateau in the QL vs. PO relationship extended to higher PO's, RL decreased, and PL increased. Renal interstitial fluid volume and interstitial pressure increased following elevation of PV. The extension of the QL vs. PO plateau with increasing PV suggests that renal interstitial pressure may partially collapse intrarenal collecting lymphatics which may compromise lymph flow.

How to Cite:

Rohn, D., Stewart, R., Elk, J., Laine, G. & Drake, R., (1996) “RENAL LYMPHATIC FUNCTION FOLLOWING VENOUS PRESSURE ELEVATION”, Lymphology 29(2), 67-75.

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Published on
04 Sep 1996
Peer Reviewed