Authors: Alexio Mbereko (University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College, South Africa) , Billy B. Mukamuri (University of Zimbabwe) , Moses J. Chimbari (University of KwaZulu-Natal, Howard College, South Africa)
In Zimbabwe, a broad-ridge and broad-furrow tillage system was promoted by the state, scientists and a nongovernmental organisation for its presumed agronomic and environmental viability and economic returns for small farmers. Zungwi vlei, a wetland of value to the community was transformed from a common use natural resource into a limited access broad-ridge and broad-furrow irrigation landscape that benefited a small number of people. Our study sought to understand conflicts over natural resources access, use and management arising from this land use change. The study adopted mixed methods combining qualitative and quantitative data collection tools. The results indicated the presence of a wide range of internal and external conflicts following the transformation of the landscape. Prior to the transformation, low levels of conflict were noted. We concluded that despite the ability of the broad-ridge and furrow tillage system to boost agricultural productivity per square meter, it triggered considerable resource use conflicts as fewer families directly benefited from the innovation.
Keywords: Development, vlei, agricultural technology, resources conflict, political ecology, Zimbabwe
How to Cite: Mbereko, A. , Mukamuri, B. B. & Chimbari, M. J. (2015) “Exclusion and contests over wetlands used for farming in Zimbabwe: a case study of broad-ridge and broad-furrow tillage system on Zungwi Vlei”, Journal of Political Ecology. 22(1). doi: https://doi.org/10.2458/v22i1.21111