Food Insecurity and Livelihood Systems in Northwest Haiti



This paper examines rural livelihood systems in Haiti from both a political and ecological perspective. While political developments in Haiti have taken center stage in most analyses, the environmental impacts of population growth, highly varied livelihood strategies, and migration opportunities appear to have played a major role in the current tragic situation. Illegal migration not only seems to alleviate short term poverty but also appears to benefit households long term as revenues from migration improve households' land holding situation. Nevertheless, the steadily declining ecological situation may already be exceeding the creative livelihood strategies of Haitian producers.

Keywords: Haiti, political economy, political ecology, livelihood strategies, households, livestock, agriculture, migration

How to Cite: Baro, M. (2002) “Food Insecurity and Livelihood Systems in Northwest Haiti”, Journal of Political Ecology. 9(1). doi: