The Role of Egypt in the Formation of the Hebrew Bible

Abstract

The article deals with the manifold mentions of Egypt in the Hebrew Bible. Among them are many negative views, especially in the Exodus narrative, which originated in the Northern Kingdom and reached Judah after 722 BCE. Prophetic oracles also condemn Egypt and the attempts of Judean kings in the 8th to 6th century BCE to seek help in Egypt against the Assyrians. Later texts show a positive image of Egypt, especially the Joseph story, which probably originated in the Egyptian Diaspora. Other texts, such as 2 Chronicles 35 and Isaiah 19, also pursue this positive attitude towards Egypt. The article further discusses borrowings of Egyptian texts (Amenemope and the Tale of the Two Brothers) in the Hebrew Bible.

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Römer, T., (2018) “The Role of Egypt in the Formation of the Hebrew Bible”, Journal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections 18(1), p.63-70.

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Thomas Römer (Collège de France and University of Lausanne)

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